• Call for Paper: Muslims, Sports and Physical Activity

    Call for Paper: Muslims, Sports and Physical Activity

    The visibility of Muslim and the presence of Islam in sports need specific attention. On the one hand, there is an increase in social mobility, socialisation and participation in the society via sport; on the other hand, research has indicated that this participation in sports reveals some particularities in Islamic codes of living.
  • Former US diplomat: War on Turkish schools in Africa ruining Turkey’s credibility

    Former US diplomat: War on Turkish schools in Africa ruining Turkey’s credibility

    Former US Ambassador to Ethiopia and Adjunct Professor of International Relations David Shinn told Sunday's Zaman in an exclusive interview that Turkey tends to lose its credibility when it asks African governments to close Turkish schools as African leaders traditionally put up resistance when they are told what to do by an “external power.”
  • SEASON OF PEACE: Moderate Islam has a voice if you listen

    SEASON OF PEACE: Moderate Islam has a voice if you listen

    On 9/11, I dismissed my usual 8:30 a.m. Sociology of World Religions class to accompany the students to the student center to watch the historic events on CNN. But before we left, I told them that it may well be a Muslim terrorist group that was responsible, but I reminded them that, even if it turned out to be true, to remember that it did not mean all Muslims are terrorists.
  • African Union Commission chair receives Gülen peace award

    African Union Commission chair receives Gülen peace award

    Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma, the chairperson of the African Union Commission, was awarded the Fethullah Gülen Peace and dialogue Award during the eighth annual Ubuntu Lecture and Dialogue Awards ceremony, held in Johannesburg on Thursday evening.
  • Islamic scholar Gülen rejects bombings in the name of Islam

    Islamic scholar Gülen rejects bombings in the name of Islam

    Turkish Islamic scholar Fethullah Gülen has unequivocally rejected terrorist attacks and bombings committed in the name of Islam, adding that a terrorist cannot be branded a real Muslim. In a speech he delivered to his students at his house in Pennsylvania, Gülen spoke at length about attacks on behalf of Islam, stressing that a real Muslim could never commit a terrorist attack. His speech was published on Thursday on herkul.org, a website that frequently broadcasts his messages. Gülen's remarks came shortly after a deadly shooting and hostage crisis in a Nairobi mall in which more than 60 people were killed. This week has been particularly bloody across the Middle East, with church and mosque bombings in Iraq and Pakistan killing scores of civilians. “The most brutal scenes are at play in the name of Islam in a wide geography from Syria to Pakistan and Kenya,” Gülen recalled, noting that perpetrators bomb mosques and churches, slitting throats after alleging that the Quran, holy book of Muslims, orders it. Gülen said the picture in the Middle East is also a shame for Muslims and that it stains the face of Islam. Gülen, who is commonly known as Hojaefendi by his followers, said the terrorist attacks attributed to Muslims are sometimes being undertaken by what he called “raw souls” who fail to fathom Islam with its depth, sometimes by extreme provocation of feelings of young men, sometimes by people disguised as Muslims and sometimes by criminals under the influence of drugs. Gülen stated that everything is being codified in Islam during both times of peace and war. He said while individuals cannot declare war by themselves and decide to kill a person during the peace time, those during a hot war also cannot kill women, children or the elderly. According to Islam, he said people also absolutely cannot attack houses of worship of others even during war. “Considering all these things, it is never possible to justify suicide attacks, suicide bombers or similar terrorist attacks," he underlined. Gülen said the Prophet Muhammad tolerated exceptionally harsh torture during his 13-year life in Mecca and that he only prayed for those who stoned him to find the right path. He said the Prophet Muhammad never resorted to violence despite all the oppression Muslims suffered and that the battles of Badr, Uhud and Kandaq were only defensive in nature. The Islamic scholar, who is well-known for his inspirational speeches on interfaith dialogue, said the Prophet Muhammad did his best to solve issues without shedding blood, breaking hearts or causing the enmity to unfold. He said his way of settling issues transformed sworn enemies into his companions, citing Ikrimah ibn Abi Jahl, a companion of the Prophet and a leading Islamic commander, who was initially one of the chief opponents to the Prophet Muhammad even during the conquest of Mecca. Gülen also cited early Islamic scholar Abdullah ibn Abbas as saying that those who unfairly kill an innocent human will stay in hell forever and said terrorism is a crime the holy Quran threatens with the punishment of hell. “Suicide [bombers] would go to hell forever and they will be called to account for innocent people they killed,” Gülen added. Saying that conflicts of interest, party and clique rivalry, anti-democratic implementations and human rights abuses in the Islamic geography have resulted in many “dissatisfied groups,” Gülen said some of these groups are ignorant enough to be fooled by “certain services” and use them for their goals. Gülen said he doesn't see violence perpetrated in the name of Islam as one-sided, also blaming Muslims for the degradation of values which are then being used by others for terrorism purposes. Gülen said lack of spiritual and fundamental humanitarian values are at the root of ignorance that leads to terrorism and that some youth are being manipulated and exploited to “be the actors of scenarios written by others.” He also urged those who have a representative position to be cautious in their actions and speeches and that calling on people to destroy churches means inviting others to destroy mosques and bomb mosque attendants. “What you sow is what you reap,” Gülen said. “People should sow good things.” Gülen pointed to what he described as “world paranoia” in reference to Islamophobia, and said it has been renewed due to recent terrorist attacks. In a moment of self-criticism, Gülen said Muslims also have made mistakes causing the spread of this problem. Saying that acknowledging these mistakes and rectifying them will play a very important role in solving the problems, Gülen recalled the mass deportation of Armenians from eastern Turkey during World War I as an example. Gülen cited a story of Caliph Umar bin Khattab, who asked a patriarch in Jerusalem to show him a place to perform his prayer. When the pastor told him he could pray anywhere in the church, Caliph Umar rejected this and preferred to pray outside the church. After finishing his prayer, Umar told patriarch that he deliberately avoided praying in the church because other Muslims may follow the suit and transform the church into a mosque. “This was us,” Gülen highlighted. “Either from inside or outside, some spoiled us, our genes, they changed us, they made us savages.” Gülen recalled famous remarks he made earlier -- a terrorist cannot be a Muslim and a Muslim cannot be a terrorist -- and said it is impossible for a Muslim who has fully perceived and digested Islam become a terrorist and that real Muslims would never intentionally commit an act of terror and a terrorist cannot be considered a real Muslim. “Can't a terrorist come out of Muslims?” Gülen asked. “There could be [one] but they would lose characteristics of a Muslim; they cannot be called a healthy Muslim,” Gülen said in response to his own question. He said even a war has its own rules and that one cannot fight against those who don't fight. Whenever the Prophet Muhammad prepared his troops for a defensive war, Gülen said, he ordered them not to do anything to those who took refuge in houses of worship, or to women and children. He said it is impossible to reconcile the rules of the Prophet Muhammad with the acts of terrorists.

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