Winds of ‘ijma’ beginning to pick up speed

Islamic scholars gathering for the “Ijma as a Common Roadmap and Collective Awareness” symposium pose at the final day of the event. (Photo: Today's Zaman)
Islamic scholars gathering for the “Ijma as a Common Roadmap and Collective Awareness” symposium pose at the final day of the event. (Photo: Today's Zaman)


Date posted: April 29, 2013

The concept of “ijma,” or the consensus of Islamic scholars, is one of the key concepts of the Islamic religion. Of the four basic sources of Islamic law, or the four arguments, “ijma” is fourth after the Quran, the word of Prophet Muhammad and qiyas (deductive reasoning). There are no simple equivalents to the deep meanings contained in this concept. No doubt, the most precise way to translate “ijma” would be to call it “collective consciousness,” the collective consciousness that the Islamic community has been in alliance with over centuries.

Over the weekend, a meeting organized by the Yeni Ümit and Hira magazines and supported by Fethullah Gülen aimed to spotlight this collective consciousness. The two-day meeting was titled “Ijma as a Common Roadmap and Collective Awareness,” and was a visible manifestation of the real collective consciousness that represents the Islamic world. In order to grasp just how critical a duty was being shouldered by this meeting, one needs to examine the needs that lie behind this “collective consciousness.”

The Islamic world is experiencing sectarian strife these days. These clashes are pushing the Islamic world toward bloody clashes. The Western world might be able to declare that these deepening clashes do not concern it; in fact, it might even be pleased at how these clashes are spreading and growing. But in the end, the outcome is not so broken off from the Western world. These clashes wind up increasing violent competition and the fights spread in all directions. It is these same sorts of sectarian clashes that are behind the non-stop flow of blood in both Iraq and Syria.

One factor highlighted by the recent symposium on ijma needs to be underscored, which is that the growing sectarian clashes in the Islamic world derive not from belief, but rather politics. When dynasties, dictator-led administrations and the differing interests of various countries all clash, those wishing to gain an advantage take immediate shelter beneath the shield of sectarianism. When the peoples of various Arab nations became the main political actors as the Arab Spring unfolded, political leaders turned to sectarianism and feelings of belonging to foster support among the people for their causes. When, in countries like Iraq and Syria where the clashes are truly deadly, dispossessed masses take shelter behind the same shields, the clashes of course become the bloodiest yet.

The best way to prevent these clashes is to keep sectarian clashes and differences in belief from being material that politicians can use, and to submit, at the same time, to the authority of various religious leaders on these matters. When politicians do not get mixed up in these matters, Muslims do not spill blood over their beliefs. Throughout history in the Islamic world, politics have been a source of clashes, whilst the collective consciousness delivered by religious, enlightened circles has been a source of compromise and peace — which is how this recent civil meeting in Istanbul, in highlighting the authority and societal leadership of religious leaders and enlightened members, showed the correct path toward peace within the Islamic world.

And thus, this is the need within the Islamic world for the “winds of ijma” referred to by Professor Ahmet Abbadi from Morocco. With these winds filling their sails, Muslims will be able to escape from the swamps of violence that threaten to sink them. Muslims have been crushed under Western colonialism, as well as under the dictatorships using methods foreign to their societies; in the process, a natural sense of justice was lost. It is thus that ijma emerges, as a unique way to rebuild this lost sense of justice in a strong manner. Muslims have a need to live within the framework of a just and fair peace. Political competition creates dissent and injustice. The only solution lies in searching out unity, serenity and justice in the consensus of Islamic scholars, or ijma.

All of which means that there is a greater-than-ever need for Islamic scholars to move further to the forefront in the Islamic world, and for them to make rulings too. With attendance at this most recent meeting on ijma coming from a wide variety of sources, this concept appears to be strengthening, and the meeting was thus an inspirational clue as to the general direction things are taking. The decisions made at the meeting point to a new process underway, in which collective consciousness is strengthening and in which Islamic scholars are moving further to the forefront. The joint declaration, with its five clauses, that was issued at the end of this meeting contained information on many new projects. It appears that Muslims will find unity and peace not at political rallies in city squares, but rather in the alliance of their enlightened scholarly leaders.

SourceToday’s Zaman, 29 April 2013


Related News

Foreign Affairs: Turkish government’s ‘Global Purge’ targeted opponents in at least 46 countries

Turkish government has been hunting its opponents abroad, particularly the supporters of the Gulen movement since before and after the failed putsch on July 15, 2016, the article said adding that government’s alleged enemies were targeted at least in 46 countries.

Lawyer: Gülen will appeal court decision to cancel his green passport

Nurullah Albayrak, lawyer for Turkish Islamic scholar Fethullah Gülen, said his client will appeal a Council of State ruling that Gülen’s green passport was obtained illegally.

Turkish teacher jailed over Gülen links dies in prison due to lack of medication

Halime Gülsu, who was arrested on Feb. 20, 2018 for allegedly helping the faith-based Gülen movement, died on Saturday in prison in Mersin province, reportedly due to deprivation of the medication she took for lupus erythematosus.

Erdoğan: Our people will punish Gülenists in the streets if they ever get out of jail

Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan said in a public speech on Wednesday that if people affiliated with Turkey’s Gülen group are released from prison after completing their prison terms, the Turkish public will “punish them in the streets.”

Erdoğan’s game plan for Hizmet

Erdogan may continue to demonize and even to try to criminalize the Hizmet movement in an effort to brainwash his people into believing that he is the only one who can save the nation. We will see if this brings him the additional votes he needs to be elected president.

‘Inception,’ the Gülen community and the PKK

Kurtuluş Tayiz I have been following anti-Fethullah Gülen broadcasts in the Kurdish media for some time now. Television stations, newspapers and Internet sites known for their closeness to the Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK) have incessantly been spreading hostility amongst its readers against Gülen. It wouldn’t be so difficult to understand if most of these publications […]

Latest News

Crimes Against Humanity in Erdogan’s Turkey

Exiled journalist warns of a genocide in the making in newly released book

Vague terrorism charge used to target supporters of the Gülen movement: UN special rapporteurs

ECtHR urges Albania not to deport Gülen follower to Turkey

Woman detained over links to Gülen movement after giving birth

Formerly Gülen-linked schools in Albania face growing gov’t pressure

Exclusive: Turkey, Kosovo violated fundamental rights of expelled teachers, UN body says

Sacked policeman’s grim death sparks debate on COVID-19 data in Turkish prisons

Dissidents of the Turkish government are living in fear in Canada

In Case You Missed It

Fethullah Gülen always supported settlement process, lawyer says

Children from across the globe meet in Germany for peace

Professors in Gaziantep profiled alongside students

‘Hizmet is a social movement worldwide, that has a heart, and it’s always from the heart.’

Tentacles of Turkey’s growing autocracy reach Thailand

Peshawar High Court halts government order to deport Pak-Turk school staff

Woman detained during visit to imprisoned husband on Valentine’s Day

Copyright 2021 Hizmet News