Immanuel Wallerstein and the Hizmet Movement

Gökhan Bacık
Gökhan Bacık


Date posted: February 16, 2015

GÖKHAN BACIK

Immanuel Wallerstein, who is influenced by Marxism, says Europe went through an important stage during “a prolonged period extending roughly from the 1450s into the 1600s”.

And what is that stage?

According to him, in the West, the preceding age in which “everything was controlled by the state” came to an end and was followed by an emergence of structures that were independent of government.

The Muslim world, on the contrary, is still at an “early stage” in that the state controls all and there is no autonomous sphere.

That’s why we don’t see any global brand originating from the Muslim world.  “Tiny Israel” is competing with the whole of the Islamic world in obtaining patent rights!

Here is what Wallerstein says: “No matter what, you need to strengthen the spheres that remain outside the state.” Otherwise everything will proceed along a “bureaucratic logic”, which inevitably leads to “routine outcomes that can only be expected from civil servants”!

The Hizmet Movement

The Hizmet Movement is in a way an attempt to achieve what Wallerstein says, but from a Muslim’s point of view on a global level.

Islamic history is a history of the state since the Umayyad Caliphate. Or take another example: how many companies were founded in 16th century Turkey and how many of them have survived?

We need to ask ourselves: across the whole of Anatolia, why are there no great historical cities with stone monuments like Vienna or Prague?

Because the state is everywhere. Why would people think of erecting stone buildings unless you grant them the land as their private property? When did the Ottomans enact the Land Law?

Now, if the Hizmet Movement “seizes the opportunity”, it may become an entity that achieves to survive independent of the state, in a truly Wallersteinian sense.

Two important things

On a global level, the Hizmet Movement exerts a huge amount of soft power. Wherever you go across the world, you’ll see that it is considered a “movement that keeps away from violence and encourages cross-cultural dialogue”.

Let me put it plainly. People say, “There are groups here who are cutting others’ heads off, and others who recklessly do anything; but at least there is the Hizmet Movement and even if we don’t like it, we have to sit down and talk to them.”

In other words, the Hizmet Movement has generated a “global strategic value that cannot be ignored”.

Today, who is building schools in Afghanistan where girls can get education? Who is going to open schools in places where the Boko Haram massacres people and argues modern education is “haram” (forbidden).

If we gathered a hundred intellectuals and asked them, “List the global Islamic movements that avoid violence and propose we live together within a democratic framework…?” What answer would we get?

Second, apart from those who manage to remain clean, some Islamic communities in Turkey and many other countries have turned into a kind of “religious real estate agents”.

Many religious groups put their radio stations and newspapers at the government’s disposal and in return are granted various material gains. Technically speaking, we may call them “real estate-type communities”.

A religious movement that puts their “newspapers or other capabilities at the disposal of politics” in expectation of anything from the state may as well commit suicide.

As for the Hizmet Movement, it is struggling to stand on its own legs. Anyone with an idea about history (and Islamic history) will know how important that is.

Back to Wallerstein… “Those who manage to survive without the state, they are capable of fearless thought, they try to do the things they want and they can take risks”.

In short, suffering blows from the state nowadays, the Hizmet Movement “may turn present difficulties into a historical opportunity” and become an actor with at least some global leverage.

Source: BGN News , February 15, 2015


Related News

Turkish government defiant as battle over prep schools rises

Both the government and the Gülen movement have raised the stakes in the debate over a plan to regulate private prep schools, or dershanes. The tension recently peaked, with Erdoğan describing the group’s objection to his government’s plans as a “smear campaign.” Ekrem Dumanlı, editor-in-chief of daily Zaman, which is known for its close ties with the Gülen movement, wrote an open letter to Erdoğan and urged him to review his decision.

South Korean NGO: It’s hard to make sense of what is being done to Kimse Yok Mu

Officials of Bonita, a South Korean NGO that engages in research and efforts for children and labor rights, said they find it hard to make sense of the oppression against Kimse Yok Mu (KYM). The officials recently went to Aceh, Indonesia, to witness the KYM efforts during Eid al-Adha. The region had suffered most in the tsunami that hit the country in 2005.

Kimse Yok Mu, Philippines sign agreement to further aid cooperation

Turkish charity organization Kimse Yok Mu has signed a landmark agreement with the Philippine government, paving way for close cooperation between the two to further aid, education and development efforts in the two countries.

Hate discourse directed against Hizmet movement

It is impossible not to see the polarization among the people over the upcoming presidential elections; this polarization raises serious concerns. It is also possible to consider the verbal attacks and violence against the Hizmet movement in the context of the literature on politicide and genocide. However, not only the Hizmet movement will suffer from repressive-hegemonic politicide. The entire country of Turkey will be hurt by this.

Shining Turkish schools cement Iraq’s social unity

Children from a variety of ethnicities and religious groups attend these schools and sit side by side, scattered all across Iraq. Sunni, Shiite, Christian, Assyrian and Yazidi students study together in the classroom and play together in the schoolyard.

Abant Africa forum: Freedom of Speech and Respect to Sacred

Abant Platform and African Union Commission are jointly organizing an International Forum titled “Freedom of Speech and Respect to Sacred” on 8-9 March, 2014 in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Sessions will be in the form of free discussions in the spirit of the Abant Platform. The program will be held at the Large Conference Hall of the African Union Commission Headquarters.

Latest News

Fethullah Gülen’s Condolence Message for South African Human Rights Defender Archbishop Desmond Tutu

Hizmet Movement Declares Core Values with Unified Voice

Ankara systematically tortures supporters of Gülen movement, Kurds, Turkey Tribunal rapporteurs say

Erdogan possessed by Pharaoh, Herod, Hitler spirits?

Devious Use of International Organizations to Persecute Dissidents Abroad: The Erdogan Case

A “Controlled Coup”: Erdogan’s Contribution to the Autocrats’ Playbook

Why is Turkey’s Erdogan persecuting the Gulen movement?

Purge-victim man sent back to prison over Gulen links despite stage 4 cancer diagnosis

University refuses admission to woman jailed over Gülen links

In Case You Missed It

GYV: PM’s discriminatory rhetoric undermines social peace

The US Should Not Extradite Fethullah Gülen, To A Paranoid Turkish Government

Academics: Hizmet a movement, not a gang; Gülen builds ties

African queen promises to give support to Turkish schools

A Festival of Dialogue Exploring Multiculturalism and Language Diversity

Pictures of friendship drawn on hearts: Philippines

Gülen, Hizmet, the state and the AKP

Copyright 2022 Hizmet News