Islam’s need for enlightenment


Date posted: January 15, 2015

MURAT AKSOY

The attack on the French satirical magazine Charlie Hebdo has revived an old debate: which Muslim identity or Islam is “true Islam”?

As a matter of fact, many groups, communities, institutions, organizations and even countries around the world not only define themselves as Muslim but also claim that they represent the “true Islam.”

What is the true Islam?

Saudi Arabia, Iran, Tunisia, Turkey, al-Qaeda, the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) and Boko Haram depict themselves as Muslim. A closer examination of their lifestyles and political practices betray deep-running differences about how they construe Islam.

For instance, the type of Islam as represented by Boko Haram and ISIL is not the same as that promoted by Iran or Tunisia. ISIL kills civilians by beheading them and Boko Haram exerts violence against girls and allegedly slaughtered around 2,000 people in a Nigerian town. Aren’t Muslims supposed to be the first to speak out against these incidents?

Was the act of killing 12 people in the heart of Paris “in the name of Islam” of any benefit to Islam?

The West’s transformation

This debate offers a good opportunity for Muslims to become more self-critical. People’s minds are confused about whether Islam is perceived and used as a tool for terrorism or jihad by political

Islamist groups or as a means of peaceful coexistence with diverse religions.

The Muslim world does not have to reinvent the wheel. Western Enlightenment in the Middle Ages constitutes an important experience in this regard.

Today, a brief examination reveals a profound mental difference between the East/Islam and the West. What makes the West superior to the East is the mental transformation that the West went through in the Middle Ages. This transformation essentially ensured that religion and beliefs no longer exerted any influence over the public administration.

This mental transformation, which started in the Middle Ages, was a major step in separating religious and government affairs.

The secularization of the political sphere, i.e., the state government, does not eliminate or neglect religion or religious beliefs, but removes them from the political decision-making processes.

However, the main responsibility of the state is to maintain an equal distance from all religions, beliefs and disbelief in society.

States that instrumentalize Islam

This is what the East has failed to do so far. In the East, Islam has a pivotal role in state government in many states. When the patriarchy of religions merges with the authoritarian mentality of nation-states, religions tend to be instrumentalized for political purposes and construed to serve the interests of states, not of the people.

The same problem haunts the entire Muslim world except for quantitative differences. Can we say that this is mere coincidence or the crime of the West?

True, the West has used the East via its hegemonic power. However, the entire blame for the East’s dilemma cannot be put on the West in the context of the recent tragic incidents. This is to escape from the long-standing need for confrontation with ourselves and the past.

From being a model country to an obstinate country

Turkey has constituted a major opportunity for helping the Muslim world overcome this impasse. Even the ruling Justice and Development Party (AKP) made great progress in actualizing this opportunity, but it didn’t happen.

Turkey’s secular and democratic experience, albeit with its problems, would be considered a good chance. However, the AKP wasted this opportunity for Islam’s mental transformation because of its ambitions to become the leader of the Muslim world. It preferred resembling the East and challenging the West via Islam over being part of the West.

Instead of being a conservative democratic party, it turned into a conservative authoritarian party, first in terms of foreign policy and next in domestic policy. It moved to a unitary and “Islamist” political mindset that turns a blind eye to secular values and that cannot stand pluralism. It set upon designing not only the private sphere but also the public sphere, i.e., society, according to this religious interpretation.

This politicization of a specific interpretation of Islam — with its being turned into a state religion — is a serious threat to practitioners of diverse religious faiths as well as those who adopt different interpretations of Islam. Indeed a state religion will see all diverse religious interpretations as a threat to itself.

Thus, this threat recently materialized in the AKP’s efforts to destroy the Hizmet movement as well as other religious communities. In this regard, it is political, not religious, practice for those who seize the state apparatus to embark on efforts to destroy other religious communities.

Place of religions is in civilian sphere

Religions, by nature, are pluralistic. A religion has a multitude of diverse communities or orders. It is the state’s duty to ensure that these diversities can coexist peacefully in the public sphere and act like an arbitrator among them.

Faith is precious when it stays within the civilian sphere. This is what the West achieved with its mental transformation. With this transformation, the West kept religion away from state government. In contrast, the AKP is placing a specific religious interpretation at the very heart of the state government.

AKP officials are criticizing the rising Islamophobic sentiments in Europe but the AKP itself is implementing a similar policy of discrimination that targets non-AKP supporters in Turkey, isn’t it?

A hard test for conservatives

What we see is the AKP trying to put a religious gown on the state and transform society using state power while seeking to emerge as the leader of the Muslim world based on its interpretation of religion, as well as the strand of conservatism that jettisons secularism and grows authoritarian as it becomes integrated with the state.

Yet, the ideal form of conservatism is one that treats religion as part of the civilian sphere and which can establish contact with diverse religious interpretations both inside and outside, and which is open to secularization.

And this is something which should be sought primarily by conservatives. This indicates that Islam needs enlightenment and mental transformation. If it fails to achieve this, Islam will continue to live with these long-standing problems.


*Murat Aksoy is a journalist and writer based in İstanbul.

Source: Today's Zaman , January 14, 2015


Related News

Tariq Ramadan says Erdoğan should practice what he preached to Mubarak

Prominent scholar Tariq Ramadan, grandson of the founder of the Muslim Brotherhood, has criticized the Turkish prime minister for seeking more power and urged him to rethink staying in power for a longer time. Ramadan said, Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan once told former Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak — that one day he will have to know how to leave — is true for him as well. “[Erdoğan] also needs to get this right.”

Islamic Scholar Fethullah Gulen Condemns Brussels Terrorist Attacks

Fethullah Gulen, a well-known Islamic scholar, preacher and social advocate, who resides in PA, strongly condemned the brutal terrorist attacks at the Brussels International Airport and Metro station on March 22 that resulted in the deaths of more than 30 people and the injuries of hundreds.

The Turkish assassin is a product of Tayyip Erdogan’s incitement

Karlov’s murderer was Mevlüt Mert Altintas. He did not grow up in a vacuum. Five years ago, Erdogan acknowledged his goal was “to raise a religious generation.” Altintas is its product. He was seven years old when Erdogan came to power; his whole schooling was under Erdogan. If history is any pattern, the violence in Turkey is just beginning and Erdogan will not be able to contain it, even if he is inclined to try.

Violent Extremism

Violent extremism undertaken in the name of religion threatens the basic premises on which dialogue operates, as well as the conditions within which it can grow. In understanding the causes of this phenomenon, with a view ultimately to tackling them, we must first consider the ways that we communicate about and around the subject.

Fethullah Gülen’s Condemnation and Condolences Message for the Mosque Attack in New Zealand

The underlying psychology that surfaces in the form of Islamophobia, Christian-bashing, anti-Semitism or other forms of bigotry based on prejudices, fear and hate is a human tragedy. Regardless of the facade it hides behind, be it a belief system or ideology, terrorism is a single ailment that afflicts humanity, and humanity must join hands to solve it.

Turkish American Society of Ohio Seeks to Foster Friendship and Understanding Between Cultures

In existence since 2010 and headquartered in Columbus, The Turkish American Society of Ohio’s mission is to introduce Turkish culture into American Society. Through their efforts in dialog and unique community services they also seek to promote friendship and understanding between cultures.

Latest News

Fethullah Gülen’s Condolence Message for South African Human Rights Defender Archbishop Desmond Tutu

Hizmet Movement Declares Core Values with Unified Voice

Ankara systematically tortures supporters of Gülen movement, Kurds, Turkey Tribunal rapporteurs say

Erdogan possessed by Pharaoh, Herod, Hitler spirits?

Devious Use of International Organizations to Persecute Dissidents Abroad: The Erdogan Case

A “Controlled Coup”: Erdogan’s Contribution to the Autocrats’ Playbook

Why is Turkey’s Erdogan persecuting the Gulen movement?

Purge-victim man sent back to prison over Gulen links despite stage 4 cancer diagnosis

University refuses admission to woman jailed over Gülen links

In Case You Missed It

Why is the government freeing bloody murderers?

How hateful discourse manipulates our perception

Imran Khan denounces expected closure of Pak-Turk schools

‘Turkish schools are excellent good will ambassadors for Turkey’

A study tour of Turkey with Gulen movement

Top AK Party official likens Gülen’s stance on peace talks to that of Mandela

Arabs, Turks attempt to redefine Arab uprisings, political trajectories

Copyright 2024 Hizmet News